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Ammonite Morocco 190mm F2146
Speciation is the emergence of new species from already existing species. This is the basis of the evolution theory of Charles Darwin. In the case of very short-living species such as the fruit fly experiments showed processes that play a role in the speciation.
New species may form due to separation of a part of a population from the rest. This can be a physical separation. For example, there is a mountain where the species can no longer pass. New species can also occur without physical separation of a population through various biological causes. There is still a lot of research being done.
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