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Erosion is the abrasion of the Earth's surface. Most erosion is caused by wind (aeolian), running water (rain, rivers, seacurrents, waves etc.), or due to the works of ice (freezing/melting, glaciers, ice sheets). Erosion through volcanism or earthquakes is much rarer. Erosion is something else than weathering. In the proces of weathering there isn't any material being moved.

Because of these erosion processes many different kinds of geomorphological structures can be formed. For example river valleys, glacial valleys and dunes.

A textbook example of erosion by rainwater. The soft sediment is easily eroded. This kind of badland erosion occurs mainly in dry areas with little vegetation. Taroudant, Morocco. Photo: Herman Zevenberg

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