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Erosion is the abrasion of the Earth's surface. Most erosion is caused by wind (aeolian), running water (rain, rivers, seacurrents, waves etc.), or due to the works of ice (freezing/melting, glaciers, ice sheets). Erosion through volcanism or earthquakes is much rarer. Erosion is something else than weathering. In the proces of weathering there isn't any material being moved.
A textbook example of erosion by rainwater. The soft sediment is easily eroded. This kind of badland erosion occurs mainly in dry areas with little vegetation. Taroudant, Morocco. Photo: Herman Zevenberg
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