HOME Geology Sites Lakagígar, Iceland
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Added in: march 2013
Last Modified in: march 2013

Geology site description:

Lakagígar is a series of craters in the south of Iceland formed during a fissure eruption in 1783 and 1784. After a number of large earthquakes, the volcano erupted over a length of 22 kilometers. Fountains of lava sprayed into the air. In nine months, more than 500 square kilometers of land was covered by lava flows. Toxic sulphurous gases killed cattle on a large part of Iceland. This subsequently led to widespread famine.

This eruption had a great influence on the climate in Europe and in the northern hemisphere. The temperature dropped due to the dust and gases in the atmosphere.

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Lakagígar is located in the south of Iceland to the west of the Vatnajökull ice cap. The area is only accessible by 4x4.

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