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Added in: march 2013
Last Modified in: march 2013
Geology site description:
The Askja volcano is wiht a height of 1510 meters high and a large caldera lake an impressive appearance.
On March 29, 1875 there has been a major eruption in the Askja. About 20 cubic kilometers of material has been ejected in the form of ash. The ash was mainly deposited on eastern Iceland. Great destruction and death of cattle was the result. In 1961 the Askja erupted most recently. The Askja consists of several calderas. The largest caldera dates from long before the eruption of 1875. Within this caldera a new caldera was formed in 1875 with a diameter of approximately 4 kilometers which is now filled with water.
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The Askja volcano is located in the north of the plateau of Iceland, north of the Vatnajökull ice cap. The north side of the volcano is accessible by 4x4 in good weather in the summer. However, many days the volcano is in the fog. Tours are organized to the Askja from the Mývatn area.Drag the map and zoom in or out for the best view of this geology site.
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Geology location: Herðubreið
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