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Added in: december 2012
Last Modified in: december 2012

Geology site description:

Eruption of the Vesuvius volcano in the year 79 caused the disaster in Pompeii and Herculaneum in Roman times.  By a sudden burst of pyroclastic flows, the two cities were completely buried. At present the volcano still is a great danger, especially because millions of people live within range of the volcano.

Since the eruption in Roman times, the volcano erupted again in 1631. In the following centuries smaller eruptions followed. The last minor eruption was in 1944.

The current volcano is located in an older caldera formed by the so-called Somma volcano about 18,000 years ago. Vesuvius is a stratovolcano and is with 1281 meters a lot lower than Mount Etna in Sicily.

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Vesuvius is located near the city of Naples on the southwest coast of Italy. It is possible to visit the rim of the crater. There is also an observatory established that observes the volcano 24 hours a day.

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Other locations in the area
Museum: Centro Musei delle Scienze Naturali
Museum: Museo Mineralogico Campano

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