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In many places in the northern part of the Netherlands, the marine deposits of the Eem Formation occur relatively close to the surface. This is also true for the islands of Texel, Terschelling, Ameland and Schiermonnikoog. Also in the North Sea north of the Dutch Wadden Islands, these deposits occur just below the sea floor. Given that the Eem Formation occurs relatively close to the surface here, fossils regularly erode from these deposits. Sometimes material also erodes from the deposits of the Eridanos river system, including Baltic amber, and from the latest glacial (Weichselian) deposits, including mammal bones. These fossils subsequently wash ashore, amongst others on the beaches of the Dutch Wadden Islands.
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The beach of Schiermonnikoog
Added by: FossilDude on 18-10-2017
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Fossils from the Eemian can predominantly be found along the North Sea beaches of the Dutch Wadden Islands. Given that the Eem Formation occurs closest to the surface under the islands Texel, Terschelling, Ameland and Schiermonnikoog, the beaches of these islands are richest in fossils. A well-known site is the North Sea beach of the Boschplaat, the easternmost part of the island of Terschelling.
The fossils that can be found along the beaches of the Dutch Wadden Islands are mostly part of the typical Eemian molluscan assemblage. These fossils can be recognized because this assemblage consists of different species than those currently living on the Dutch shores, and because they haave become none-transparant, resulting from the fossilisation proces.
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Other locations in the area
Fossil location: Hondsrug (Noordelijke grens fossielen)
Fossil location: Hondsrug (Zuidelijke grens fossielen)
Fossil location: Vliestroom
Fossil location: Zandafgraving Gasselterveld
Fossil location: Zandgronden (Balloërveld)
Geology location: Balloërveld (Pingo)
Museum: Mineralogisch Museum Grou
Society: Het Kristal
added by Johan Vellekoop
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