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january 2014
Last Modified:
january 2014

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Location description

At Palmyra in Syria phosphate deposits are mined in opencast mines. These phosphate deposits are from the Maastrichtian, part of the Cretaceous period and contain various kinds of fossils. In the past, uranium was extracted from the sediments mined here. The deposits are very similar to the phosphate deposits of Morocco.

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Palmyra is located in central Syria in the desert. There are several mines in the area about 50 kilometers southwest of the town.

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Many species of shark teeth, ray teeth and fish teeth. Fossils of vertebrates such as Mosasaurus, Plesiosaurus, and crocodiles are also found.

Literature recommended by members

  • N. Bardet et al., 2000: The marine vertebrate faunas from the Late Cretaceous phosphates of Syria, Geological Magazine, 137(3):269-290
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