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january 2010
Last Modified:
january 2010

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Location description

In the area around Erfoud marine deposits from the Devonian are exposed. You can find a lot of fossils here. Fossils are traded in the area on a large scale.

At several sites east of Erfoud trenches are dug to get to the fossiliferous layers for the fossil trade. The fossils in the vertical layers vary from layer to layer. Therefore only specific layers are quarried.

There is a trench where the famous crinoid plates are found, and two trenches with orthoceras limestones from the Silurian period. Almost all black rocks with orthoceras you see on fossil shows originate in Erfoud. Further in the hills you can find trilobites and goniatites in deposits from the Devonian period.

Photo 1 of 3

The slope below Bou Teharafine.
Added by: webmaster on 04-04-2012

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Erfoud is located behind the Atlas mountains at the edge of the Sahara desert. From Erfoud go in direction Merzane to the southeast. At the plane you will pass three trenches. You see the hills in the distance (Bou Teharafine). At the hills fossils are sold in several shops. But you can also collect for yourself. 

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Trilobites, goniatites, orthoceras, corals and crinoids (Scyphocrinites elegans).

There are 6 photographs of fossils from this location in our Fossil ID System.
Go to the Erfoud Species List to identify your own finds!

Literature recommended by members

No literature was added for this location.

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Other locations in the area

Fossil location: El Jorf (indicative)
Fossil location: Hamar Laghdad
Fossil location: Jebel Bou Lachrhal
Fossil location: Rissani 1
Fossil location: Rissani 2 (fort)
Fossil location: Talawarite
Museum: Tahiri Museum


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