The valley of the Kali Gandaki is one of the deepest valleys in the world. The valley is located between the mountains Daulagiri and Anapurna witch are more than 8 kilometres high. In the riverbed you can find many ammonites from the upper Jurassic period.
It is unbeleavable to find marine fossils at a height of 3000 metres!!! The Himalaya is a young mountainrange, formed when the Indian plate collided with Asia.
During the wet period from june to september, the river is swollen, and you cannot collect fossils. The best time for travelling is october, november and march until may. In december and january is is colder, but mostly clear weather.
In Nepal and India the ammonites are knows as "saligrams" and have a religious value. For more information about saligrams in the Hindu culture: Link.
Photo 1 of 2
Collecting on the river banks.
Added by: Patrick on 16-03-2012
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The Kali Gandaki valley is located in the mountainstate of Nepal. The fastest way to get here is by plane from Kathmandu to Pokhara. From there with a small plane (twinotter) to Jomsom (or Jomosom). This is not the cheapest way of travel.
The cheaper alternative is to take the bus from Kathmandu to Pokhara. Then the bus or taxi to Nayapul close to Birethanti (there are more options), from there by foot to Jomsom. The walk is about 12 to 16 days. From Jomsom to Kagbeni is half day walk. You can spend the night in one of the numerous "theahouses".
The ammonites are mainly found between Jomsom and Kagbeni, and also further north upstream in Upper Mustang (You need a special and expensive permit).
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Ammonites from the upper Jurassic period.
Literature recommended by members
- Bishal Nath Upreti and Masaru Yoshida, 2005: Guidebook for Himalayan Trekkers, Geology and Natural Hazards along the Kaligandaki valley, Nepal
Added by Patrick
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Thanks to Patrick de Saegher for sending this description.
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