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Lignite, or Brown coal is a sedimentary deposit, formed by peat (plant debris). Exposed to  high pressures, and temperatures, the sediment was altered by diagenesis, forming lignite. An even higher rise in pressure and temperature, will eventually result in the formation of coal... Because of its botanical origins many parts of fossil plants can be found inside.

Most lignite was formed during the Miocene. But not on such a scale as large as the coal fields from the Carboniferous. Lignite was also formed in other geological era’s, but on a smaller scale.

Lignite is still exploited worldwide, as a fossil fuel. However when compared to coal, it contains less carbon and is more impacting the environment. Lignite is mined extensively in countries such as Germany and India.

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