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Aeolian deposit

Aeolian deposits are materials deposited by the wind. The wind may even cause erosion. Windborne particles are transported to form dunes, sand sheets and loess in other places. The wind driven sand grains have an abrasive effect which can result in erosion of rocks and stones. When a strong wind continually blows from the same direction, it may form so-called ventifacts.

In the last ice age aeolian deposits were formed on a large scale in Northern Europe. The North Sea was dry and was a kind of tundra. Material from this area was spread out over Northern Europe; close to the North Sea area in the form of sand sheets and further away in the form of loess.

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