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Travertine is a type of limestone that formed by precipitation of calcium from calcium-rich water near hot springs. The rock can contain both Calcite and Aragonite. The rock builds up in layers on top of the older layers, but also around the remains of plants, leaves and other vegetation. Travertine therefore regularly contains fossils. Usually travertine is white or yellowish in color and is quite porous.

Travertine is still formed today at places like Pamukkale in Turkey, and Yellowstone in the United States. Travertine has been used as a building material for thousands of years.

Travertine at the Plitvice lakes, Croatia. Photo: Herman Zevenberg

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