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An outcrop in geology is a place where in-situ rock comes to the surface and can be studied. These may be of natural origin (due to erosion processes) or anthropogenic origin (e.g. roadcuts, pits and quarries). Outcrops are important to study the geology of an area. If there are no natural outcrops,  drilling is an option.

The extent to which there are natural outcrops are present in a landscape is a function of a number of different parameters:

The accessibility of outcrops is partly a function of anthropogenic factors such as the extent to which the land surface is sealed (buildings, asphalt, etc.) and the extent to which it has been privatized.

Outcrops of the Cenomanian at the cliff coast of Cap Blanc Nez, France

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