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Astylospongia stellatum F1216
Gondwana is a no longer existing supercontinent which broke up at the end of the Jurassic period. Gondwana has disintegrated into the current tectonic plates on which Africa, South America, Antarctica, India, Australia, New Guinea and New Zealand are now located. The continents of North America, Europe and Asia were at that time still united in the supercontinent Laurasia. Between the end of the Permian and during the Triassic era, Gondwana and Laurasia were both part of the older supercontinent Pangaea.
During its existence, the continent Gondwana was located approximately at the present Antarctica, but the climate was fairly mild. At the end of the Jurassic period Africa drifted away from Gondwana and moved to the North. The Indian plate then disconnected and moved towards Asia. In the early Cretaceous, New Zealand followed. The Indian plate collided with the Eurasian plate about 10 million years ago, which formed the Himalayan mountains.
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